The Edmonton Oil Kings were a Junior hockey team that played in the Alberta Senior Hockey League during the 1965-66 season. The Oil Kings had previously played in the Intermediate Central Alberta Hockey League, but were forced out of that league when the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association ruled that Junior teams must play in Junior leagues. This ruling was later withdrawn, allowing the Oil Kings to play in the Senior League. The Oil Kings chose to play against older teams because they felt that the Junior hockey teams in Alberta did not provide them with enough competition.
The Oil Kings were sponsored by the Detroit Red Wings of the NHL.
The team briefly considered joining the Ontario Hockey Association, however, following the 1965-66 season, a league comprised of the best Junior hockey teams from the Western provinces of Canada was formed: The Canadian Major Junior Hockey League. The Oil Kings joined this league for the 1966-67 season.